Research Themes BUIC

Research Theme

A research theme is a major and sometimes recurring idea, subject or topic that appears in our research work. A dominant theme usually reveals what the research work is really about and can be helpful in forming insights and analysis. The following discipline and subject-wise research themes would be helpful in fostering a culture of research that would engage the next generation of innovators in solving the indigenous problems and issues.

1. Management Science

The Management Science program aims at developing a student’s intellectual ability in terms of understanding the theoretical and philosophical underpinnings of modern business. Every business school must have a research agenda commensurate with the national needs.

The discipline of management science has popular study areas including Management, Economy and Finance, Marketing, Strategy and Entrepreneurship, Green Consumer Behavior, Development Finance, Project Management and Economics.

The potential research themes / areas are as follows:

Research Themes of Management

a.     Human Resource Management

b.     Organizational Behaviour

c.     Organizational Culture

d.     Leadership

e.     Business and Managerial Ethics

f.      Ethical Leadership

g.     Knowledge Management

h.     Decision-Making

i.      Management of Organizations

j.      Regulations and Policies

Research Themes of Economy & Finance

a.     Accounting

b.     Taxation

c.     Business enterprises

d.     International economic relations

e.     Behavioral Finance

f.      Business Creation and Economic Growth

g.     Banking sector and financial institutions

h.     Financial regulations and market structure

i.      Foreign Direct Investment

j.      Inequalities of labor market

k.     Generational view

l.      Diversity management

m.   Soci-economic development

n.     Spill overs in Developing Countries

o.     Cross Border Trades

p.     Financial Regulations

q.     Financial Policy Interventions

Research Themes of Marketing

a.     Marketing strategies

b.     Buyer behavior

c.     Supply chain management

d.     Social Media Marketing

e.     Holistic Marketing

f.      Sustainable marketing

g.     Relationship marketing

h.     Marketing communication

i.      Trade marketing

j.      Strategic marketing

k.     Tourism marketing

l.      Brand management

m.   Strategic partnership

n.     Ethics in Marketing

o.     Political marketing

p.     International marketing

Research Themes of Strategy and Entrepreneurship

a.     Entrepreneurial attitudes & aspirations

b.     Entrepreneurial decision making

c.     Entrepreneurial orientation

d.     Inclusive entrepreneurship

e.     Entrepreneurial environment

f.      New business ventures

Research Themes of Green consumer behavior

a.     The Zero Waste Movement and circular design in business.

b.     Games / gamification for businesses

c.     Myths and realities in Industrial Revolution.

d.     Greening the economy through tax incentives

e.     Promoting renewable energy

Research Themes of Project Management

a.     Project initiatives/proposals

b.     Project planning

c.     Project implementations

d.     Project monitoring and control

e.     Project closeout

f.      Project Integration Management

g.     Project Scope Management

h.     Project Schedule Management

i.      Project Cost Management

j.      Project Quality Management Project Resource Management

k.     Project Communications Management

l.      Project Risk Management

m.   Project Procurement Management

n.     Project Stakeholder Management

o.     Project leadership

Research Themes of Economics

a.     Econometrics and statistical techniques

b.     Regional Economics

c.     Capital controls in emerging market economies

d.     Monetary and fiscal policy

e.     Fiscal consolidation

f.      Behavioral Economics

g.     Micro-panel data

k.     Development Economics

l.      Regional Economies

m.   Capital Controls in Emerging Market Economies

n.     Monetary Economics and Development

o.     Behavioral and consumer Economics

p.     Environmental and Sustainable Economics

q.     International Economics and Trade

r.      Applied Economics

s.     Finance, Economics and Banking

t.      Industrial Economics

Research Themes of Maritime

a.     Maritime Education & Training (including Underwater Technologies)

b.     Maritime Safety & Environmental Administration

c.     Port Management

d.     Shipping Management & Logistics

e.     Tourism, Fish & Food Processing

f.      Shipping/Transportation Engineering

g.     Marine Engineering, Electrical & Electronics

h.     Offshore/Onshore Marine Structures

i.      Aquatic Diagnostics

j.      Oceanography/Hydrography


2. Electrical Engineering

The EE program provides the graduates with the broad as well as in-depth technical education necessary for productive employment in the public or private sector. It aims at development of understanding of advanced issues important for current and future needs of the region. Quality research aims to encompass a broad area covering advanced digital and analogue electronics, communication, signal processing, multimedia, computer vision, advanced controls for robotics and microelectronics/nano-electronics.

The potential research themes / areas are as follows:

Research Themes of Electrical Engineering

a.     Control, Intelligent Systems,

and Robotics

b.     Communications & Networking

c.     Cyber-Physical Systems and Design Automation

d.     Design, Modeling and Analysis

e.     Integrated Circuits

f.      Micro/Nano Electro Mechanical


a.     Physical Electronics

b.     Signal Processing

c.     Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution

d.     Smart Grids Technologies

g.     Renewable Power Generation

h.     Communication

i.      Electromagnetics and Photonics

j.      High Voltage Engineering

k.     Image Processing, Multimedia and Biomedical Imaging

l.      Nano Devices and Integrated Systems

m.   Power Electronics

n.     Power Systems

o.     Systems Science and Signal Processing

e.     System engineering

f.      Electricity Market in Smart Grid

g.     Electrical Machines

p.     Instrumentation Engineering

3. Computer Engineering

Computer Engineering programs expose scholars to the complete life-cycle of computer application development including abstraction, modeling and algorithm development and leveraging computer systems.

The potential research themes / areas are as follows:

Research Themes of Computer Engineering

a.     Data Mining

b.     Expert Systems and artificial Intelligence

c.     Digital Signal Processing & communication

d.     Multimedia Signal Processing

e.     Image Processing and Pattern Recognition

f.      Robotics

g.     Information & Communication

h.     Optical and Wireless Communications

i.      Internet Technologies

j.      Ad-Hoc and Mobile Communications

k.     Wireless Sensor Networks

l.      Concurrent, Distributed and Parallel Computing

m.   System Modeling and Simulation

n.     Soft Computing

o.     Optimization Algorithms

p.     Embedded Systems

q.     VLSI & Digital System Design

r.      Cloud Computing

s.     Antenna & Electromagnetic

t.      Bioinformatics


u.     Wireless and mobile communications

v.     Software systems, computer security and simulation

w.   Human motion tracking and automated planning

x.     Electromagnetics and scattering analysis

y.     Industrial automation, robotics and biomedical engineering

z.     Communications security and cryptology

aa.  Instrumentation and control, smart sensors and robotics

bb.  Non-linear signal and image processing methods

cc.  Programming methodology and languages

dd.  Real-time systems


  1. Software Engineering

Software engineering is one of the fastest growing field of study worldwide. Our PhD in Software Engineering program focuses on advancement of theory and practice in an integrated manner. Since the discipline is highly inter-disciplinary involving mathematics, Software Engineering practices and models, Information Systems Engineering, modeling & simulation, Computer Sciences, Data Sciences and certain aspects of Computer Engineering. PhD Software Engineering program thus focuses on producing researchers who can contribute by creation of new knowledge and propose solutions to challenges faced by the practitioners and researchers in an inter-disciplinary environment.

The potential research themes / areas are as follows:

Research Themes of Software Engineering

a.     Software Engineering Practices, Software and Information Systems modeling & Simulation

b.     Verification & Validation, proofs, automated debugging & fault prediction

  1. Intelligent & e-Learning Systems (AI, Agent based Computing/Modeling, Data Sciences, Intelligent Tutoring systems)
  2.  Distributed, Ubiquitous, IoTs, Pervasive, Mobile and Cloud Computing
e.     Image Processing & Computer Vision

f.      Pattern Recognition & Machine Learning

g.     Information, Software and System Security

h.     Computer Graphics, 3D Modeling, Virtual Reality

i.      UX Design, Interaction Design & Usability Engineering


4. Computer Science

Computing and information technology are the fastest growing occupations in the world. The programs of Computer Science provide a unique opportunity to develop leading-edge in-depth knowledge of specific computer science disciplines and prepares scholars in the concepts and techniques related to the design, programming and application of computing systems.

The potential research themes / areas are as follows:

Research Themes of Computer Science

j.      Artificial Intelligence and robotics

k.     Computer Architecture & Engineering

l.      Biosystems & Computational Biology

m.   Cyber-Physical Systems and Design Automation

n.     Database Management Systems

o.     Graphics

p.     Operating Systems & Networking

q.     Programming Systems

r.      Scientific Computing

s.     Security

t.      Abundant-data applications, algorithms, and architectures

u.     Computer-assisted education,

v.     Data Mining

w.   Emerging technologies for computing hardware, communication, and sensing

x.     Human-computer interaction

y.     Large-scale networking

z.     Computation and communication

aa.  Programming languages and environments

bb.  Verification, proofs, and automated debugging


5. Mathematics

Mathematics plays a very imperative role in the advancements of science and technology. Programs develop knowledge and skills in specialized technical areas and promote research interest and activities in the current dimensions. Fluid dynamics, computational techniques for solving differential equations, computer simulation and modeling, fuzzy algebra are widely used

The potential research themes / areas are as follows:

Research Themes of Mathematics

a.     Automorphic forms: arithmetic and analytic interfaces

b.     Around Tao’s Algebraic Regularity Lemma

c.     Distribution of Values of l-functions and Modular Forms

d.     Combinatorics of the Discrete Hypercube

e.     Isoperimetric inequalities, Erdos-Ko-Rado type problems

f.      Optimal Impartial Selection

g.     Approximation Algorithms for Combinatorial Optimization

h.     Unique Continuation for Geometric Wave Equations

i.      Non-linear perturbations of cosmological models and black hole spacetimes

j.      Singularities of Mean Curvature Flow

k.     Finite noncommutative Riemannian geometries

l.      Symmetries and energy in gravity

m.   The two-body problem in numerical and perturbative general relativity

n.     Stable Topological Structures in Data

o.     Algebra, Combinatorics, and Geometry

p.     Analysis and Partial Differential Equations

q.     Applied Analysis

r.      Mathematical Biology

s.     Mathematical Finance

t.      Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing

u.     Topology and Differential Geometry


6. Earth & Environmental Sciences

Earth & Environmental Sciences is a challenging and important field of science. Environmental degradation has occurred over time due to population explosion, over exploitation of resources, increasing land use, lack of environmental awareness, climatic shift etc. due to which it is nowadays a global issue of concern. Areas of priority are Hydrogeology, Earthquake Seismology, Well logging and Environmental studies, and Crustal studies.

The potential research themes / areas are as follows:

Research Themes of Geology & Geophysics

a.     Marine Processes

b.     Coastal studies

c.     Geology and geophysics of ocean basins

d.     Palaeoceanographic and paleoclimatic modelling

e.     Environmental Geology and Geochemistry

f.      River-bank stability and sediment dynamics

g.     Mineral and Petroleum Resources

h.     Resource exploration of coal and petroleum

i.      Petrographic and Geochemical

j.      Geo-coastal Research

k.     Plate kinematics

l.      Frontier basin exploration

m.   Paleoclimate modelling

n.     Seismology

o.     Evaluation of earthquake risk

p.     Archaeological science

q.     Atmospheric composition

r.      Basin studies

s.     Climate variability & change

t.      Economic geology

u.     Geomicrobiology

v.     Tectonics & geodynamics

w.   Subduction initiate & plate tectonics

x.     Geodynamic modelling codes

y.     Effective rheology of melt

z.     Fold and thrust belts

aa.  Melt migration and lithospheric mantle and crust

bb.  Tectonic and erosion

cc.  Continents collide

dd.  Shear localization

ee.  3D investigation & photogrammetric methods

ff.    Geoelectrical 3D-tomography

Research Themes of Environmental Science

a.     Destruction of the World’s Coral Reefs

b.     Scientific Consensus on Climate Change

c.     Usage of Wind, Solar, and Other Alternative Energy Sources

d.     The Ozone Hole

e.     Waste and Pesticides  Soil Contamination

f.      Coral Reef Destruction

g.     Animal Grazing

h.     Acid Rain, Fish and Wildlife

i.      Ecological Integrity of Groundwater and Fluvial Systems

j.      Transition to Cleaner Vehicles and Fuels

k.     Green Power

l.      Rainwater Harvesting

m.   Energy Conservation

n.     Recycling

o.     Pollution

p.     Soil quality

q.     Greenhouse effect

r.      Climate change

s.     Air Quality

t.      Recycling

u.     Renewable Energy

v.     Save energy

w.   Waste Management

x.     Balanced Ecosystem

y.     Habitat Model

z.     Organic Garden


7. Psychology

Programs of Psychology discipline are aimed to ensure that psychology is taught as an applied discipline in scientist reflective so that students are aware of the nature, origin, history and scope of Psychology as a modern discipline and its relationship with other sciences.

The potential research themes / areas are as follows:

Research Themes of Clinical Psychology

a.     Child Obesity and Parental Negligence

b.     Television and Obesity

c.     Stress and Preterm Delivery

d.     Cutting Yourself Disorder

e.     Effects of Abortion on Mental Health

f.      Dating Violence Among Teens

g.     Social Interaction

h.     Individual Differences & Stress

i.      Psychological Reasons for Depression

j.      Gender & Depression in Individuals Human Development

k.     Mental Development of Special Children

l.      Mental Illness and Aging

m.   Environment & Personality Development

n.     Work Environment & Worker’s Self esteem

o.     Impact of Counseling on Divorced Individuals

p.     Violent Music and Children

q.     Emotional, Financial, and Physical Abuse of the Elderly

r.      In-store Music & Product Selection

s.     Teenage Suicide

t.      Genetics, Environment & Intelligence

u.     Over Crowding & Human Beings

v.     Torture and Psychological Effects


Clinical Psychology

  • Emotions and related psychological processes;
  • Addictive behaviors and/or personality attributes
  • Addiction and stigmatization;
  • Eating disorders and their treatment modalities;
  • Dynamics of Personality disorders;
  • Quality of life and mental health;
  • Communication within relationships;
  • Services of mental health and Psychopathology;
  • Cognitive processes, their decline and treatment;
  • Psychological and social impact of virtual networks.
  • Decision making and problem-solving;
  • Concept formation, reasoning and judgment;
  • Language processing and learning;
  • Cognitive Neuroscience;
  • Social and cultural factors in the cognitive approach;
  • Psychotherapeutic approaches with children;
  • Pathological mourning and bereavement;
  • Treatment of anxiety and phobias;
  • Issues in Psychosis;
  • Violence and trauma;
  • Mass-media and aggression;
  • Intra-familial violence and its effects on victims;
  • Lifespan development, Parenting and social support;
  • Juvenile delinquency;
  • Aggressive behavior in childhood;
  • Violent risk assessment; and working with crime perpetrators;
  • Law enforcement and stress;
  • Cross-cultural dimensions of mental disorders; ;
  • Social factors in adolescence and its development;
  • Self-efficacy and identity development;
  • Social anxiety and self-esteem;
  • Identity, migration and social networks;
  • Happiness, health and wellbeing;
  • Society and stigmatization;
  • Religious and spiritual issues in Psychology
  • Psychological treatment / intervention modalities of psychological disorders


Educational Psychology

  • Language and cognitive processes;
  • School environment and childhood disorders;
  • Parenting and parenting related processes;
  • Learning skills and teaching methodologies;
  • Learning and technology;
  • Intelligence and creativity;
  • Motivation in classroom;
  • Assessment and Individual differences in learning;
  • Bullying and Victimization
  • Teacher’s training and development



Organizational Psychology

  • Employment issues and training;
  • Work in the context of everyday life (unemployment, work and health, stress at work, work-life balance);
  • Personnel psychology and psychology of management (leadership, motivation, training and development, job performance);
  • Organizational culture and change;
  • Work attitudes and systems in the organization;
  • Psychodiagnostics in work psychology (selection of employees, evaluation, identification of development needs);
  • Psychology in armed security forces and integrated rescue systems;
  • Traffic psychology
  • Social dilemmas and human cooperation
  • Group Dynamics (Fairness, politics and organizational commitment)